October 20, 2018

Today’s microbiome digest will cover various interesting papers including effect of metformin in the shaping the gut microbiome, dysregulated microbial fermentation of soluble fibers, gut microbiome dynamics of travelers, relationship between gut microbiome and cancer immunotherapy, role of gut microbiome on drug metabolism, microbiome of healthy and dandruff scalp from Indian population and supplementation with Lactobacillus plantarumJM113, Bacillus subtilis DSM 32315 in broiler chickens. Enjoy reading.

General microbiome

Chapter: Brain–Gut Axis: Clinical Implications – JulieKhlevner – Gastroenterology Clinics of North America

Pleiotropic effects of metformin: Shaping the microbiome to manage type 2 diabetes and postpone ageing – FrancescoPrattichizzo – Ageing Research Reviews

Gut Microbiome in Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, and Diabetes – Xinpu Chen – Current Diabetes Reports

Human gut microbiome

The Activity of Urolithin A and M4 Valerolactone, Colonic Microbiota Metabolites of Polyphenols, in a Prostate Cancer In Vitro Model – Iwona J. Stanisławska – Planta Medica

Dysregulated Microbial Fermentation of Soluble Fiber Induces Cholestatic Liver Cancer – Vishal Singh – Cell

Gut microbiota dynamics in travelers returning from India colonized with extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae: A longitudinal study – Joao Pires – Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease

Association between functional lactase variants and a high abundance of Bifidobacterium in the gut of healthy Japanese people – Kumico Kato – PLOS ONE

The intimate relationship between gut microbiota and cancer immunotherapy – Arielle Elkrief – Gut Microbes

Effects of Gut Microbiota on Drug Metabolism and Guidance for Rational Drug Use under Hypoxic Conditions at High Altitudes – Juanhong Zhang – Current Drug Metabolism

Reduced colonic mucin degradation in breastfed infants colonized by Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis EVC001 – Sercan Karav – FEBS openbio

The microbiome of Crohn’s disease aphthous ulcers – Claire L. O’Brien – Gut Pathogens

Scalp Microbiome

Comparison of Healthy and Dandruff Scalp Microbiome Reveals the Role of Commensals in Scalp Health – Rituja Saxena – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology

Animal Microbiome

Intestinal toxicity of deoxynivalenol is limited by supplementation with Lactobacillus plantarumJM113 and consequentially altered gut microbiota in broiler chickens – Shengru Wu – Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology

Screening of Phytophagous and Xylophagous Insects Guts Microbiota Abilities to Degrade Lignocellulose in Bioreactor – Amandine Gales – Frontiers in Microbiology

Supplemental Bacillus subtilis DSM 32315 manipulates intestinal structure and microbial composition in broiler chickens – Youbiao Ma – Scientific Reports

Animal experiments

Non-invasive continuous real-time in vivoanalysis of microbial hydrogen production shows adaptation to fermentable carbohydrates in mice – José M. S. Fernández-Calleja – Scientific Reports

Evaluation of different mucosal microbiota leads to gut microbiota-based prediction of type 1 diabetes in NOD mice – Youjia Hu – Scientific Reports

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