April 20, 2017

Today’s digest is full of interesting articles on the influence of microbes on chronic diseases, and an interesting article on machine learning predictions of soil microbiomes.

Human gut microbiome

The gut microbiota as a modulator of innate immunity during melioidosis. Lankelma JM. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Apropos: ‘Gut Microbiota Differences in Children From Distinct Socioeconomic Levels Living in the 1 Same Urban Area in Brazil’. Waugh S. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

Review: Microbiota: Diet can protect against type 1 diabetes. Kugelberg E. Nature Review Immunology

Changes in Composition of the Gut Bacterial Microbiome after Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Recurrent <i>Clostridium difficile</i> Infection in a Pediatric Heart Transplant Patient. Flannigan KL. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine

Understanding the Gut Microbiota in Inflammatory and Functional Gastrointestinal Diseases. Sundin J. Psychosomatic Medicine

Review: Gut Microbiota Modulation and Its Relationship with Obesity Using Prebiotic Fibers and Probiotics: A Review. Dahiya DK. Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbiota, Environment and Diet. de Morais MB. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

Human lung microbiome

Lung Homeostasis: Influence of Age, Microbes, and the Immune System. Lloyd CM. Immunity

Human microbiome and immune system

Homeostatic Immunity and the Microbiota. Belkaid Y. Immunity

Review: Regionalized Development and Maintenance of the Intestinal Adaptive Immune Landscape. Agace WW. Immunity

Human vaginal microbiome

Antimicrobial Compounds Produced by Vaginal <i>Lactobacillus crispatus</i> Are Able to Strongly Inhibit <i>Candida albicans</i> Growth, Hyphal Formation and Regulate Virulence-related Gene Expressions. Wang S. Frontiers of Microbiology

Human liver microbiome 

β-Klotho deficiency protects against obesity through a crosstalk between liver, microbiota, and brown adipose tissue. Somm E. JCI Insight

Animal and insect microbiome

Honeybee gut microbiota promotes host weight gain via bacterial metabolism and hormonal signaling. Zheng H. PNAS.

Comparative Analysis of the Gut Microbial Communities in Forest and Alpine Musk Deer Using High-Throughput Sequencing. Hu X. Frontiers of Microbiology

Mosquito Microbiome Dynamics, a Background for Prevalence and Seasonality of West Nile Virus. Novakova E. Frontiers of Microbiology

Newer Insights into the Antidiarrheal Effects of Acacia catechu Willd. Extract in Guinea Pig.Micucci M. Journal of Medicinal Food

Plant, soil, and air microbiome

Elevated Air Humidity Changes Soil Bacterial Community Structure in the Silver Birch Stand.Truu M. Frontiers of Microbiology

Distance-dependent varieties of microbial community structure and metabolic functions in the rhizosphere of Sedum alfredii Hance during phytoextraction of a cadmium-contaminated soil. Yang W. Environmental science and pollution research

Metagenome-Wide Association Study and Machine Learning Prediction of Bulk Soil Microbiome and Crop Productivity. Chang HX. Frontiers of Microbiology

Origin-Dependent Variations in the Atmospheric Microbiome Community in Eastern Mediterranean Dust Storms.Gat D. Environmental science and technology

Faecal microbiome 

Fecal microbiota transplantation is a rescue treatment modality for refractory ulcerative colitis. Uygun A. Medicine (Baltimore)

Probiotics

Mismatch between Probiotic Benefits in Trials versus Food Products. Scourboutakos MJ. Nutrients

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