Non-human microbiome, July 29

Microbiomes of chickens with Marek’s disease, fish, fungus-growing termites, ticks, leeches, mosses, soil and acid mine drainage.

Chicken microbiome

Marek’s Disease Virus Influences the Core Gut Microbiome of the Chicken During the Early and Late Phases of Viral Replication – Sudeep Perumbakkam – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

“In this study, dysbiosis induced by MDV on the core gut flora of chicken was assessed using next generation sequence (NGS) analysis. “

Fish microbiome

Dietary differences are reflected on the gut prokaryotic community structure of wild and commercially reared sea bream (Sparus aurata) – Konstantinos A. Kormas – Microbiology Open

“There were distinct prokaryotic communities in the three different fish nutritional treatments, with the bacteria dominating over the Archaea. “

Inter Individual Variations of the Fish Skin Microbiota: Host Genetics Basis of Mutualism? – Sébastien Boutin – PLOS ONE

“we detected Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) associated with the abundance of specific skin microbiota bacterial strains in brook charr (Salvelinus fontinalis), combining 16S RNA tagged-amplicon 454 pyrosequencing with genetic linkage analysis. “

Arthropod microbiome

Identifying the core microbial community in the gut of fungus-growing termites – Saria Otani – Molecular Ecology

“The objective of our study was to compare the intestinal bacterial communities of five genera (nine species) of fungus-growing termites to establish whether or not an ancestral core microbiota has been maintained and characterizes extant lineages. “

Characterization of the Bacterial Communities of Life Stages of Free Living Lone Star Ticks (Amblyomma americanum) – Amanda Jo Williams-Newkirk – PLOS ONE

“We performed a metagenomic survey of the bacterial communities of questing A. americanum and tested 131 individuals (66 nymphs, 24 males, and 41 females) from five sites in three states. Pyrosequencing was performed with barcoded eubacterial primers targeting variable 16S rRNA gene regions 5–3.”

Leech microbiome

Hitchhiking of host biology by beneficial symbionts enhances transmission
Brittany M. Ott – Nature Scientific Reports

“we show that the A. veronii population within secretions originates from the host digestive tract and proliferates synchronously with shedding frequency, demonstrating the coupling of partner biology.”

Plant microbiome

Forestry impacts on the hidden fungal biodiversity associated with bryophytes – Marie L. Davey – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

“Shoots of Hylocomium splendens were collected in Picea abies dominated forests of different ages, and their associated fungal communities were surveyed by pyrosequencing of ITS2 amplicons. “

Soil microbiology

Review: Functional soil microbiome: Belowground solutions to an aboveground problem
Venkatachalam Laksmanan – Plant Physiology

“This update addresses the importance of the functional microbiome to identify phenotypes that may provide a sustainable and effective strategy to increase crop yield and food security.”

Microbial Diversity of a Mediterranean Soil and Its Changes after Biotransformed Dry Olive Residue Amendment – Jose A. Siles – PLOS ONE

“Pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene demonstrated that bacterial diversity was dominated by the phyla Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, and Actinobacteria, while 28S-rRNA gene data revealed that Ascomycota and Basidiomycota accounted for the majority of phyla in the fungal community.”

Water and drainage microbiome

Diversity and spatiotemporal dynamics of bacterial communities: physicochemical and others drivers along an acid mine drainage – A. Volant – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

“biodiversity and spatiotemporal distribution of bacterial communities were characterized using T-RFLP fingerprinting and highthrouput sequencing.”

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