July 6, 2019

Today’s microbiome digest featuring a variety of research and review articles highlighting the role of gut microbiota-derived signals to the beta cells are necessary for proper insulin trafficking, a microfluidic chip designed by Roberta et. al. to mimic interactions between microorganisms and host tissue, the innovative role of exosomes in the pathogenesis of CRC, and a very interesting study in mice shows the host mitochondrial genotype influence the gut microbiota species diversity. Happy weekend. Enjoy reading.

General microbiome

Review: Translating Recent Microbiome Insights in Otitis Media into Probiotic Strategies – Marianne F. L. van den Broek – Clinical Microbiology Reviews

Research Highlight : Microbiota guides insulin trafficking in beta cells – Ozren Stojanović – Cell Research

Human gut microbiome

Human-gut-microbiome on a chip – Roberta Poceviciute – Nature Biomedical Engineering

Gut microbial profile is altered in biliary atresia – Junfeng Wang – Biliary and Pancreatic

The specific use of alginate from Laminaria japonica by Bacteroidesspecies determined its modulation of the Bacteroides community – Chunging Ai – Food & Function

Lactose and Bovine Milk Oligosaccharides Synergistically Stimulate B. longum subsp. longum Growth in a Simplified Model of the Infant Gut Microbiome – Louise M.A. Jakobsen – Journal of proteome research

Review: Probiotics and constipation: mechanisms of action, evidence for effectiveness and utilisation by patients and healthcare professionals – Eirini Dimidi – Proceedings of the Nutrition Society

In Vitro Digestion and Fermentation of Three Polysaccharide Fractions from Laminaria japonica and Their Impact on Lipid Metabolism-Associated Human Gut Microbiota – Jie Gao – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Review: Role of intestinal microbiota and metabolites in inflammatory bowel disease – Li-Na Dong – Chinese Medical Journal

Review: The malignant role of exosomes in the communication among colorectal cancer cell, macrophage and microbiome – Jinjie Wu – Carcinogenesis

Human respiratory microbiome

Microbial Composition of the Human Nasopharynx Varies According to Influenza Virus Type and Vaccination Status – Tao Ding – mBio

Animal microbiome / Animal experiments

Full‐length 16S rRNA gene classification of Atlantic salmon bacteria and effects of using different 16S variable regions on community structure analysis – Terje Klemetsen – MicrobiologyOpen

Protein and carbohydrate intakes alter gut microbial community structure in crickets: A Geometric Framework approach – Soon Hwee Ng – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Caulerpa lentillifera polysaccharides enhance the immunostimulatory activity in immunosuppressed mice in correlation with modulating gut microbiota – Yujiao Sun – Food & Function

Diet Consisting of Balanced Yogurt, Fruit and Vegetables Modifies the Gut Microbiota and Protects Mice Against Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease – Chao‐Yue Kong – Molecular Nutrition Food Research

Unraveling the effects of the gut microbiota composition and function on horse endurance physiology – Sandra Plancade – Scientific Reports

Inulin and metformin ameliorate polycystic ovary syndrome via anti-inflammation and modulating gut microbiota in mice – Jing Xue – Endocrine Journal

Antiretroviral therapy administration in healthy rhesus macaques is associated with transient shifts in intestinal bacterial diversity and modest immunological perturbations – Alexandra M. Ortiz – Journal of Virology

Microbiota-Driven Tonic Interferon Signals in Lung Stromal Cells Protect from Influenza Virus Infection– Konrad C.Bradley – Cell Reports

Microbial and metabolomic remodeling by a formula of Sichuan dark tea improves hyperlipidemia in apoE-deficient mice – Lingzhi Li – PLOS ONE

Effect of chronic and acute heat challenges on fecal microbiota composition, production and thermoregulation traits in growing pigs – M Le Sciellour – Journal of Animal Science

Metaproteomics characterization of the alphaproteobacteria microbiome in different developmental and feeding stages of the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778) – José Francisco Lima-Barbero – Journal of Animal Science

L. plantarumL. fermentum, and B. breveBeads Modified the Intestinal Microbiota and Alleviated the Inflammatory Response in High-Fat Diet–Fed Mice – Qingshen Sun – Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins

Host mitochondria influence gut microbiome diversity: A role for ROS – Tal Yardeni – Science Signaling

Potential effects of rapeseed peptide Maillard reaction products on aging-related disorder attenuation and gut microbiota modulation in D-galactose induced aging mice – Shudong He – Food & Function

The piglet mycobiome during the weaning transition: a pilot study – Katie L Summers – Journal of Animal Science

A heritable subset of the core rumen microbiome dictates dairy cow productivity and emissions R. John Wallace – Science Advances

Microbiome in news

Dairy cow microbiome could yield the key to eco-friendly agriculture 

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