July 15, 2017

Enjoy your weekend with Saturdays microbiome digest. Lots of animal microbiome research out today, plus several human microbiome reviews and infant microbiome research.

Events and jobs

Molecular Scientist – Phage Display – Cambridge, UK

Research Officer Microbiology – Western Sydney, AUS

Research Assistant – Microbiology & Immunology – Illinois, USA

Medical Laboratory Scientist – Microbiology – Dunedin, New Zealand

General microbiome

Eco-Aging: stem cells and microbes are controlled by aging antagonist FoxO – Benedikt M Mortzfeld – Current Opinion in Microbiology

Gut–CNS-Axis as Possibility to Modulate Inflammatory Disease Activity—Implications for Multiple Sclerosis – Ann-Katrin Fleck – International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Pregnancy and early life

Early intervention with Bifidobacterium lactis NCC2818 modulates the host-microbe interface independent of the sustained changes induced by the neonatal environment – Marie C. Lewis – Scientific Reports

Virulence and Antibiotic Resistance of Enterococci Isolated from Healthy Breastfed Infants – Landete José M – Microbial Drug Resistance

Association of Antibiotics, Airway Microbiome and Inflammation in Infants with Cystic Fibrosis – Jessica E Pittman – Annals of the American Thoracic Society

Nasopharyngeal microbiota in infants and changes during viral upper respiratory tract infection and acute otitis media – Tasnee Chonmaitree – PLOS One

Human respiratory microbiome

A reproducible microcosm biofilm model of subgingival microbial communities – M. Fernandez y Mostajo – Journal of Periodontal Research

Review – Microbiome in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – Eduard Monsó – Annals of Translational Medicine

Review – More than just a gut feeling: constraint-based genome-scale metabolic models for predicting functions of human intestinal microbes – Kees C. H – Microbiome

Review – The respiratory microbiome in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis – Richard J. Hewitt – Annals of Translational Medicine

Human skin microbiome

Review – Cleanliness in context: reconciling hygiene with a modern microbial perspective – Roo Vandegrift – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

High frequency of intestinal TH17 cells correlates with microbiota alterations and disease activity in multiple sclerosis – Ilaria Cosorich – Science Advances

Systematic review with meta-analysis: the efficacy of faecal microbiota transplantation for the treatment of recurrent and refractory Clostridium difficile infection – M. N. Quraishi – Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

Animal experiments 

Preprint – Disentangling metabolic functions of bacteria in the honey bee gut – Lucie Kesnerova – BioRxiv

Prion disease pathogenesis in the absence of the commensal microbiota – Barry M. Bradford – Journal of General Virology

A bidirectional association between the gut microbiota and CNS disease in a biphasic murine model of multiple sclerosis – Sara L. Colpitts – Gut Microbes

Effects of Consuming Xylitol on Gut Microbiota and Lipid Metabolism in Mice – Takashi Uebanso – Nutrients

Polydextrose changes the gut microbiome and attenuates fasting triglyceride and cholesterol levels in Western diet fed mice – Ghulam Shere Raza – Scientific Reports

Formula diet driven microbiota shifts tryptophan metabolism from serotonin to tryptamine in neonatal porcine colon – Manish Kumar Saraf – Microbiome

Regulation by gut bacteria of immune response, Bacillus thuringiensis susceptibility and hemolin expression in Plodia interpunctella – Alonso A.Orozco-Flores – Journal of Insect Physiology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Dynamics of culturable mesophilic bacterial communities of three fresh herbs and their production environment – Maria-Theresia Gekenidis – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Bioinformatics

Review – Insights into study design and statistical analyses in translational microbiome studies – Jyoti Shankar – Annals of Translational Medicine

Techniques

Assessing the impact of protein extraction methods for human gut metaproteomics – Xu Zhang – Journal of Proteomics

Microbes in the news

Micromotors are powered by bacteria, controlled by light  – Lisa Zyga – Phys.org

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