September 7th, 2020

God morgon!

Good morning from Sweden. Today’s digest is a loaded one with a lot of new preprints and news from the world of microbiology.

As someone who suffers from allergic rhinitis my mind was blown when I read the article that linked gut microbiota to allergic rhinitis! I am waiting for someone to come up with a gut microflora based treatment now! Further in the area of microbiome are preprints on assessment of antibiotic use in neonates and barcoding of about 1000 new marine yeast isolates.

A new preprint details the mechanism of action of a very effective new antibiotic armeniaspirol against Gram positive bacteria. Yet another preprint describes the potent antimycobaterial activity of synthetic Azetidines derivatives, which could be a great tool in our fight against tuberculosis. Further in bacteriology are preprints providing new information about host-pathogen interactions during Helicobacter infections, dynamics in persisting and resuscitating bacteria, RNA metabolism and metabolic homeostasis in bacteria.

A super interesting preprint describes a new form of on-chip microscopy and I must confess that the authors did a great job at giving their manuscript a catchy, short and yet informative title!

Bioinformatic studies using thousands of nCoV genomes have unearthed some mutations that might be responsible for its human adaptation (although computational studies without any experimental biological evidence are not my favourite, it might provide a starting point for scientists interested in COVID19.

There are a lot of more interesting articles and I wish I could write about all of them! I hope you will enjoy today’s selection.

COVID-19

Preprint: The discovery of gene mutations making SARS-CoV-2 well adapted for humans: host-genome similarity analysis of 2594 genomes from China, the USA and Europe – Weitao Sun

Preprint: Mutation in position of 32 (G>U) of S2M differentiate human SARS-CoV2 from Bat Coronavirus – Majid Vahed, et al.

Preprint: Development of SARS-CoV-2 Nucleocapsid Specific Monoclonal Antibodies – James S. Terry, et al.

Preprint: A Mental Health Paradox: Mental health was both a motivator and barrier to physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic – Maryam Marashi, et al.

Bacteria Hysteria

Bradymonabacteria, a novel bacterial predator group with versatile survival strategies in saline environments – Da-Shuai Mu, et al., Microbiome

Preprint: Armeniaspirols inhibit the AAA+ proteases ClpXP and ClpYQ leading to cell division arrest in Gram-positive bacteria – Puneet Labana, et al.

Preprint: Effect of polyethylene glycol on growth of Escherichia coli DH5α and Bacillus subtilis NRS-762 – Wenfa Ng

Preprint: Essentiality of c-di-AMP in Bacillus subtilis: Bypassing mutations converge in potassium and glutamate homeostasis – Larissa Krüger, et al.

Preprint: Comparative genomics of Clostridium species associated with vacuum-packed meat spoilage – Nikola Palevich, et al.

Preprint: Antibiotics and the developing intestinal microbiome, metabolome and inflammatory environment: a randomized trial of preterm infants – Jordan T. Russell, et al.

Preprint: Azetidines kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis without detectable resistance by blocking mycolate assembly – Alice Lanne, et al.

Preprint: Proteome dynamics in persisting and resuscitating bacterial cells – Maja Semanjski, et al.

Preprint: Limitation of phosphate assimilation maintains cytoplasmic magnesium homeostasis – Roberto E. Bruna, et al.

Preprint: RecA levels modulate biofilm development in Acinetobacter baumannii – Carly Ching, et al.

Preprint: Distinct survival, growth lag, and ribosomal RNA degradation kinetics during long-term starvation for carbon or phosphate – Yusuke Himeoka, et al.

General microbiome

Gut microbial characteristics of adult patients with allergy rhinitis – Libing Zhu, et al., Microbial Cell Factories

Impact of investigational microbiota therapeutic RBX2660 on the gut microbiome and resistome revealed by a placebo-controlled clinical trial – Suryang Kwak, et al., Microbiome

Preprint: Soil characteristics constrain the response of bacterial and fungal communities and hydrocarbon degradation genes to phenanthrene soil contamination and phytoremediation with poplars – Sara Correa-García, et al.

Preprint: Microbial bioprospecting for lignocellulose degradation at a unique Greek environment – Daphne N. Georgiadou, et al.

Preprint: DNA barcoding analysis of more than 1000 marine yeast isolates reveals previously unrecorded species – Chinnamani PrasannaKumar, et al.

Viruses

Preprint: Mammalian ANP32A and ANP32B proteins drive alternative avian influenza virus polymerase adaptations – Thomas. P. Peacock, et al.

Preprint: Development of Resistance to 4′-Ethynyl-2-Fluoro-2′-Deoxyadenosine (EFdA) by Wild-Type and Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor Resistant Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 – Maria E Cilento, et al.

Host-pathogen interactions

Preprint: NHR-49/PPAR-α and HLH-30/TFEB promote C. elegans host defense via a flavin-containing monooxygenase – Khursheed A. Wani, at al.

Preprint: Role of ERK activation in H. pylori-induced disruption of cell-cell tight junctions – Amita Sekar and Bow Ho

Preprint: Cellular co-infection can modulate the efficiency of influenza A virus production and shape the interferon response – Brigitte E Martin, et al.

Preprint: Non-permissive human conventional CD1c+ dendritic cells enable trans-infection of human primary renal tubular epithelial cells and protect BK polyomavirus from neutralization – Mathieu Sikorski, et al.

Techniques

Preprint: Nanoscopy on the Chea(i)p – Benedict Diederich, et al.

Preprint: Visualizing Borrelia burgdorferi infection using a small molecule imaging probe – Madeline G Sell, et al.

Microbiology in News

Malibu Microbiome Meeting Virtual Prelude Shares New Data – PR Newswire

Human Microbiome-Based Drugs And Diagnostics Market An Insight On the Important Factors and Trends Influencing the Market – Daily Research Chronicle

Autism and the Microbiome – The New Indian Express

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